Parking Management with RFID System
RFID stands for radio-frequency identification. It is a type
of wireless communication that utilizes the behaviour of electromagnetic
coupling along with the radio waves of the electromagnetic spectrum. This amalgamation
helped us to build a new era of uniquely identifying objects, wildlife or
RFID System uses electromagnetic fields to digitally
identify trail of tags attached to various items or devices. It utilizes the
principle of radio waves here as radio waves have larger wavelength compared to
others. The tag which is read by RFID does not have to be compulsorily at the
line of sight. It can be scrutinized from up to several feet distance too. RFID Systems have appreciably enhanced over the past few
years, now reaching read rates close to 100% and attaining the view of RFID
experts. To execute a system that works this well, various characteristic must
be taken into examination and the better choices made.
RFID consists of
mainly 3 things:
1) RFID TAG- This is the silicon microchip which is embedded
to materials such as plastics or glass and fastened to a mini antenna.
2) THE READER: The reader is the signal receiving device. It
is made up of a scanner and antenna to detect the radio signals from the tags.
3) THE PROCESSOR OR CONTROLLER: The processor can be a
computer or any device which processes the signals or data received from the
reader and communicates to the user.
Due to the potential of RFID system to capture and host
radio signals, it is widely used in vehicular parking. It can be used in
residential areas, gated societies, malls, business parking areas, university
parking for students and faculties etc.
The work to install RFID at various locations starts right
from supplying RFID tags to all the vehicles of a particular area. Readers are
positioned at the entry and exit points within the parking zone. When the
automobiles approach these regions, the readers detect the signals which are
broadcasted or emitted by the tags in the vehicles.
This signalled data are then gathered in a software where
they are processed. Then the software tells the system to allow entry to the
vehicles and record their activities.
The benefits of
installing RFID System are listed below:
24*7 fully automated system
Less manual labour required
Complete remote management
Installed at diverse locations and managed from
one single region
Reduction of expenses